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Guard Against Online Extortion


The CAFC would like to warn the public about the most common variations of online extortion frauds!

Extortion continues to be one of the most common tactics fraudsters use in frauds. Extortion happens when someone unlawfully obtains money, property or services from a person, entity or institution through coercion.

Extortion email featuring password:
Canadians are receiving a threatening email from an unfamiliar contact. The email claims to have gained access to the recipient’s computer, installed malware and recorded an explicit video of the recipient. The email sender threatens to send the video to the recipient’s contacts, if they do not pay money via bitcoin immediately. The fraudsters apply pressure on the recipient by setting a short time limit. These fraudulent emails attempt to prove the legitimacy of their claims by including one of the recipient’s passwords. In many cases, the password is being confirmed by recipients as an old password. These passwords were likely collected during previous frauds. (e.g. phishing scam or database breach).

Fake law enforcement extortion email:
Canadians are receiving threatening emails claiming to be from international law enforcement agencies, but most commonly the RCMP. The fraudulent email asks you to open an attachment to view the fraudulent letter. After opening the attachment, a letter using law enforcement logos, names of high-ranking law enforcement officials is displayed and claims that you are accused of serious criminal charges. Suspects provide a fake law enforcement email address to respond to. After communicating with suspects, they will ask you to send a payment to avoid going to jail.

Social media crypto extortion:
Fraudsters are sending phishing emails with fraudulent links for fake Instagram login pages; this allows fraudsters to steal account credentials. Once an account is taken over, suspects blackmail victims to record a video of themselves promoting fake crypto currency platforms. Suspects advise victims that this is the only way they can recover their account. After the video is recorded, it is posted on the victim’s social media accounts with a link that connects their followers with fraudulent investment platforms. Victims will never recover their social media account and their followers are at risk of losing their funds if they invest through the fraudulent crypto currency platform.

Sextortion, or online sexual exploitation, is blackmail. It occurs when someone threatens to send an existing (or fabricated) sexual image or video of you to other people if you do not pay them or provide more sexual content. It can also occur when someone is encouraged to participate in or observe online situations of a sexual nature. These encounters can be recorded or captured without the victim’s knowledge. The fraudster then threatens to send the recorded material to friends, family members, or work colleagues if money or additional images are not sent.

Social media can allow fraudsters to develop an understanding of someone’s social circles and enable communication between threat actors and potential victims. Social media platforms are commonly used in sextortion.

In 2022, the CAFC observed more reports of sextortion targeting teenagers and younger victims, particularly through online video games, chat groups and social media. Threat actors may impersonate a younger individual to slowly develop trust or begin a virtual relationship. Like extortion and other forms of fraud, sextortion can be isolating and traumatic. This uncomfortable experience can force the victim to pay the fraudster and be afraid of reporting or telling a parent or guardian. Unfortunately, payment is never a solution. Once someone pays, they will be further targeted with continued threats.

As this form of fraud is targeting young Canadians and teenagers, it is important that parents and children develop an understanding of this online threat.

Warning signs – How to protect yourself from online extortion
• Do not open unsolicited emails.
• If an email contains one of your passwords, change it immediately.
• Always use a different password for every account.
• Law Enforcement will never threaten you by email and will not demand a payment
• Beware of unsolicited text messages and emails from individuals or organizations asking you to click on a link or attachment
• Do not download attachments as these can contain viruses or malware that may infect your device
• Contact the agency directly to verify the legitimacy
• Beware of fraudulent cryptocurrency investment advertisements promoted through social media.
• Prior to investing, ask for information on the investment. Research the team behind the offering and analyze the feasibility of the project.
• Enable multi-factor authentication as an added layer of protection for your online accounts.
• Recognize that live streaming can be recorded and that pre-recorded video can be livestreamed.
• Familiarize yourself with social media privacy settings and consider limiting who has access to your personal information (i.e. friends list, location).
• Unless you know the person offline, there is no way to confirm who is on the other end.
• Trust your instincts, be skeptical and cautious.
• Never send money to someone you haven’t met.
• Avoid sharing intimate images online.

In today’s digital age, online threats are becoming more sophisticated, targeting unsuspecting individuals, including seniors. 🌐 Our latest blog post sheds light on two prevalent scams: Online Extortion and Spear Phishing. Seniors need to be well-informed and equipped to protect themselves in the vast digital landscape.

👴👵 Seniors, your safety is our priority! Arm yourself with knowledge and empower your online presence. Click the link to delve into the detailed articles and fortify your defenses against cyber threats.

👉 CLICK HERE to learn more!

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Telephone extortion scams are scams where fraudsters phone you claiming to be a representative from a police force or government agency such as Service Canada,

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